When wildfires create smoky conditions it’s important for everyone to reduce their exposure to smoke. Wildfire smoke irritates your eyes, nose, throat, and lungs. It can make it hard to breathe and make you cough or wheeze. Children, pregnant women, and people with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or heart disease, need to be especially careful about breathing wildfire smoke.
Keep smoke outside.
Choose a room you can close off from outside air.
Set up a portable air cleaner or a filter to keep the air in this room clean even when it’s smoky in the rest of the building and outdoors.
Reduce your smoke exposure by wearing a respirator.
A respirator is a mask that fits tightly to your face to filter out smoke before you breathe it in.
You must wear the right respirator and wear it correctly. Respirators are not made to fit children.
If you have heart or lung disease ask your doctor if it is safe for you to wear a respirator.
Avoid using candles, gas, propane, wood-burning stoves, fireplaces, or aerosol sprays and don’t fry or broil meat, smoke tobacco products, or vacuum.
If you have a central air conditioning system, use high-efficiency filters to capture fine particles from smoke. If your system has a fresh air intake, set the system to recirculate mode or close the outdoor intake damper.
Pets and other animals can be affected by wildfire smoke too.
Learn how to protect pets and livestock.
Keep track of fires near you so you can be ready.
AirNow’s “Fires: Current Conditions” page has a map of fires throughout North America. https://www.airnow.gov/fires/
National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) “Fire weather” page maps fire watches and warnings. https://www.weather.gov/fire/
Listen to the Emergency Alert System (EAS) and NOAA’s Weather Radio for emergency alerts
Pay attention to any health symptoms if you have asthma, COPD, heart disease, or are pregnant. Get medical help if you need it.